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How to determine the safety of the camp when camping.

When camping outdoors, you actually need to pay attention to your own camping skills. When outdoors, safety always comes first. When outdoors, the safety of campsites actually requires your own judgment, and Guaranteed.

When we are outdoors, when we generally choose a camp, we actually choose a relatively open location, which is suitable for building a camp.
But pay attention, the first point is to see if there are any animal footprints around the camp, especially some large carnivorous animals.
After confirming this point, we will clean up and build the campsite. It must be relatively clean and avoid the troubles of insects on the ground.
The subsequent tidying is to clean up the weeds on the ground, especially when the climate is relatively dry, because campfires may be used, so avoiding fires is also an important choice.
If you see some dangerous animals during your daily journey, you actually need to set up some early warning devices around.
When outdoors, use a rope around the camp, and then tie some cans that are prone to noise, and put stones inside, which can be used as a temporary warning system.
When choosing some caves as campsites, you also need to pay attention to your own safety, and make sure that there are no traces of animal habitation before they can be used safely.

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Tent building skills:

The new outdoor equipment is bought, the destination is selected, and the friend has made an appointment, but I don’t know how to set up the tent. Have you “get” this must-have skill in the wild?

Before setting up a tent, you must first understand the structure and classification of the tent, master the corresponding method of building according to the tent in your hand, and move toward the destination “go, go, go”. The structure of the tent is divided into internal and external tents, tent poles, ground nails and wind ropes. The main body of the tent has frames, walls, pillars, roofs, doors, rain shelters, flying mats, ground mats, foot ropes, waist ropes, nails, etc. Tents are divided into construction type, herringbone type, tourist type, etc. Here we mainly talk about the method of building tourist tents. Tourist tents are divided into pyramid type, A-shaped type, and triangular type.

Step 1 of setting up a tent

How to build an A-shaped tent

Open the tent bag, take out the tent and lay it flat, and take out all the pillars and other supplies. The two main pillars are inserted into the soil upright, and the ground pad is laid flat in the tent, so that the four corners formed by the main pillars are fixed on the ground in parallel. This step is relatively easy. Then spread the walls of the tent flat on the main pillars and nail the ground to the ground. The windproof rope is fastened to the tent wall and is also nailed to the ground. The A-shaped tent looks like the English letter A from the front. The ground is square or rectangular with two thicker pillars. Secure it with the main rope. This kind of tent is simple and easy to set up and can be used at home. When the sun is full, you can set it up on the balcony to fully enjoy the sun. Because the A-shaped tent has no pillars, it is easy to tilt the roof. When moving, you need to move four corners at the same time to avoid deformation. When the weather is cold, you can add a layer of roof outside the tent to keep it warm.

How to build a pyramid tent

Connect the tent pillars, fix them on the four corners, firmly thread the walls on the pillars, and then insert them into the holes at both ends. If the tent is a multi-pillar flower, the other pillars are also covered in the same way. Insert the pillar into the ground and fix it at an inclination angle of 45 degrees to 60 degrees. Carefully check each set of holes in the account to make sure that each set of holes is properly connected to the corresponding connection point. Finally, tighten the windproof rope outside the tent and nail it tightly. Some tents are double-layered. After setting up, make sure that there is enough space between the two walls to maintain air circulation.

How to build a triangular tent

Spread the tent flat on the ground, then nail it firmly, connect the pillars, and pass them through the holes in the inner net. If there is a mosquito net, pass the holes of the mosquito net on the pillar. Wear other sets of holes in accordance with the positions indicated in the instructions. Knot the two pillars together according to the instructions, and apply force at both ends at the same time to break the pillars. Put the wall on the pillar, paying attention to the zipper outside. Some tents are equipped with rain cover, which is installed on the outside of the wall. Finally nail the ground nails and the wind rope.

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Summer camping equipment and precautions

The essential items for summer camping are as follows:
Before camping, you must first make a list of equipment and prepare the essential items. The list should include: low-ventilation double-layer tents, moisture-proof pads, sleeping bags, mosquito coils, sulfur, lighting equipment, etc.
Generally speaking, low-permeable double-layer tents are the first choice, because the problem of “high moisture and heavy dew” at night will occur regardless of the sea or the mountains. If the tent is equipped with a waterproof mat, the waterproof performance will be better, which can improve the moisture from the ground. Moisture-proof mats are easily overlooked by novice campers, thinking that the waterproof function of the tent is enough. In fact, moisture-proof mats can allow campers to lie down and rest at night. It is recommended to choose physical foaming products to avoid peculiar smell. If conditions permit, you can choose to use an automatically inflated inflatable cushion as a moisture-proof cushion, which is more soft and comfortable. Another item that is easy to overlook is the sleeping bag. Because generally speaking, summer tents will be warmer, unless it is in the high-cold area, there are not many opportunities to actually get into the sleeping bag. However, the temperature difference between day and night in the wild is large after all, so it is best to prepare an envelope sleeping bag and unfold it as a quilt.
Night lights are very important for camping. Lighting equipment can be battery lights or gas lights. If it is a battery light, be sure to prepare enough spare batteries. Sulfur and pesticides are used to spray around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming themselves.
In addition, it is advisable to wear long clothes and trousers that are more close-fitting to avoid mosquito bites and tree branches. Shoes should choose non-slip outdoor sports shoes. Before departure, prepare enough clean water, dry food and common medicines, such as mosquito repellent, antidiarrheal medicine, and trauma medicine.
If outdoor camping is accompanied by certain adventure activities, you should also bring two kinds of knives. One of them is a multifunctional knife that can be folded. It has more than ten functions such as main knife, bottle opener, tweezers, hunter sickle, saw, etc., which is convenient and practical. The broad knife should be a knife that is suitable for cutting wood and can also be used for hunting animals, skinning, or a large and heavy meniscus in moments of danger.
The precautions for summer camping are as follows:

  1. Wind, rain and electric shock
    People who have lived in cities for a long time often panic when they encounter lightning and thunder when they are camping. In fact, they don’t need to be nervous. As long as they don’t camp on the highest mountain or bare places, the danger is much reduced. Avoid standing under tall trees during lightning. Metal objects in your hands are best thrown away. If you can’t escape, lying down on the spot can also minimize the danger.
  2. Flash flood
    Pay attention to the direction of the flood when setting up a camp. The beach alluvial land is a good place to camp, but when the flood comes, you should take action and change the camp, otherwise you may be washed away by the flood.
  3. Rising water and fire candles
    If someone is unfortunate enough to drown, the first thing to do is to remove the foreign body from the mouth, perform “heart massage” and “artificial respiration”, and seek medical personnel as soon as possible, try not to press on the injured person’s abdomen, and try not to squeeze out things from the abdomen. , It is likely to block his throat. When saving drowning, use bamboo poles, floats (wood, planks, lifebuoy) or clothes. In addition, in terms of fire prevention, in addition to doing a good job of extinguishing fires, do not light candles in the tent, and do not throw cigarette butts on the dry wood. It is best to use flashlights or camp lights for lighting in the tent.
  4. Insect bite
    The most important thing to prevent swarm attacks is to stay away from the honeycomb. If you are accidentally stung by a venomous bee, you should wash it with alkaline soap as soon as possible, and then apply water or ice to the affected area. The way to prevent the bites of locusts (also known as blood-sucking insects) is to apply alkaline substances such as alcohol, gasoline, kerosene, soap, salt, etc. to the skin and clothes to prevent the intrusion of locusts. If you still don’t get bitten, don’t scratch it with your hands, because this scratch may break its head, but stay in the skin, causing infectious diseases. It is best to pat the skin with your hands, or apply salt, sugar, lime on the body, or smoke it with cigarettes, matches, etc. It will fall off naturally. After the locust falls off, it is best to squeeze the wound immediately and let it bleed, the amount of which is equal to the amount of blood sucked by the locust.
  5. Viper bite
    People who are bitten by a poisonous snake don’t know in advance where the poisonous snake is going to bite. If it bites near an artery, it will be life-threatening and should be sent to a doctor as soon as possible. However, once you are bitten by a poisonous snake, you should quickly grasp the time and press hard on the muscles near the wound to squeeze out the poisonous blood from the wound before passing it through the upper end of the wound. Because it is convenient to pay the account at night, it is convenient to wear the shoes because the flashlight is irradiated outside the tent door, and then the shoes are turned down. As for the lime, there is no need to bring any more, and the snake is really coming. Unstoppable.
  6. After choosing a campsite, spray sulfur (anti-snake) or insecticide around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming yourself.
  7. The entrance and exit of the tent must be closed when the tent is set up. Normally develop a good habit, close the zippers of the tent opening when collecting revenue; you must close the tent opening in time when entering and leaving the tent, so as to prevent mosquitoes and other small animals from flying into the tent to harass and affect Rest and sleep at night. In many cases, when setting up camp, some team members not only did not close the tent door, but opened the tent door to chat, so that they were often harassed by small animals in the middle of the night to take pictures, affecting their rest and sleep with other team members.
  8. When lighting mosquito coils, pay attention to setting fire. It is best to use iron boxes to put the mosquito coils inside, and use vents to emit mosquito smoke. Do not leave the fire outside.
  9. When entering and leaving the tent at night, a certain sound must be made in advance to alert the harmful substances around the tent to prevent surprise attacks.
  10. When entering and leaving the tent at night, you must first check with lights to prevent danger

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Camping knowledge

1) What kind of clothes should I wear for camping?

It is best to wear jackets when going camping, windproof, waterproof, and warm. If you want to go hiking, try to wear sports shoes. The equipment needed for camping are:

  1. It is better to choose a double-layer tent with stable structure, light weight, strong wind and rain resistance.
  2. Down or goose down sleeping bags are light and have good warmth retention, but the premise is that they must be kept dry. When the environmental conditions are relatively humid, artificial vacuum cotton sleeping bags may be a better choice.
  3. The structure of the backpack should conform to its own body structure and have a comfortable carrying system (such as shoulder straps, waist belts, back panels)
  4. Fire appliances, such as lighters, matches, candles, and magnifying glasses, among which candles can be used as a light source and an excellent combustion-supporting agent.
  5. Picnic utensils, kettles, multi-function picnic pots, sharp multi-function folding knives, tableware.
  6. Special tools, compass, map, rope, folding spade, needle and thread, fishing hook and fishing line, machete, camera.
  7. Water and food: meat, sugar, fat, salt with high calorie.
  8. Life-saving box, antidote, anti-powder, cold medicine, diarrhea medicine, Yunnan Baiyao, analgesic, gauze, tape, bandage.

2) Summer camping equipment and precautions

The essential items for summer camping are as follows:
Before camping, you must first make a list of equipment and prepare the essential items. The list should include: low-ventilation double-layer tents, moisture-proof pads, sleeping bags, mosquito coils, sulfur, lighting equipment, etc.
Generally speaking, low-permeable double-layer tents are the first choice, because the problem of “high moisture and heavy dew” at night will occur regardless of the sea or the mountains. If the tent is equipped with a waterproof mat, the waterproof performance will be better, which can improve the moisture from the ground. Moisture-proof mats are easily overlooked by novice campers, thinking that the waterproof function of the tent is enough. In fact, moisture-proof mats can allow campers to lie down and rest at night. It is recommended to choose physical foaming products to avoid peculiar smell. If conditions permit, you can choose to use an automatically inflated inflatable cushion as a moisture-proof cushion, which is more soft and comfortable. Another item that is easy to overlook is the sleeping bag. Because generally speaking, summer tents will be warmer, unless it is in the high-cold area, there are not many opportunities to actually get into the sleeping bag. However, the temperature difference between day and night in the wild is large after all, so it is best to prepare an envelope sleeping bag and unfold it as a quilt.
Night lights are very important for camping. Lighting equipment can be battery lights or gas lights. If it is a battery light, be sure to prepare enough spare batteries. Sulfur and pesticides are used to spray around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming themselves.
In addition, it is advisable to wear long clothes and trousers that are more close-fitting to avoid mosquito bites and tree branches. Shoes should choose non-slip outdoor sports shoes. Before departure, prepare enough clean water, dry food and common medicines, such as mosquito repellent, antidiarrheal medicine, and trauma medicine.
If outdoor camping is accompanied by certain adventure activities, you should also bring two kinds of knives. One of them is a multifunctional knife that can be folded. It has more than ten functions such as main knife, bottle opener, tweezers, hunter sickle, saw, etc., which is convenient and practical. The broad knife should be a knife that is suitable for cutting wood and can also be used for hunting animals, skinning, or a large and heavy meniscus in moments of danger.

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Summer outdoor camping strategy, how to prepare your camping equipment?

The moon rose higher and higher, the sky filled the stars and the stars flowed quietly. Friends said goodnight to each other, went into their respective small worlds, lay down in the depths of comfortable sleeping bags, and fell asleep.

But sometimes, some embarrassing problems make us fall asleep less easily.

In the sultry weather, a sleeping bag of inappropriate thickness makes you warm up… After the rain, the ground is wet, and you forgot to bring a sleeping pad. A cold feeling slowly invades your body… It is also possible that you have overlooked the microclimate in the mountains, Underestimated the cold caused by altitude. In short, it is difficult for you to fall asleep.

Under the starry sky, how to get a five-star sleep quality? This needs to start with creating a comfortable sleep system.

In camping, the most basic equipment that constitutes the “sleep system” is sleeping mats and sleeping bags, which can be selected according to the needs of different people, and can also include pillows, clothing, etc. The equipment that composes the sleep system should have sufficient functionality and comfort.

Sleeping mat: Even in summer, insulation is important for a good sleep

In summer, many hardcore mountain friends can do without sleeping pads. They may put clothes and backpacks underneath to keep warm. But for most people, sleeping mats are used all year round. Sleeping bags cannot completely replace the role of sleeping pads. Unlike the urban environment, the temperature difference between day and night in the mountains is relatively large, and the influence of altitude on temperature needs to be considered. Sleeping mats are one of the main sources of insulation and warmth. Even in summer, insulation is also very important for good sleep.

Maybe the campsite has just rained a few days ago, and some places are very humid. At this time, a sleeping mat is needed to isolate the humidity and low temperature to increase comfort. The cold air on the ground rushes directly into the bones, which is also very harmful to the body. In addition, the uncomfortable feeling caused by uneven ground, the sleeping pad can also help you easily reduce it. In the choice of sleeping pads, in addition to choosing different sizes and types according to their own needs, it is more important to evaluate the R value according to the ambient temperature and its own cold and heat resistance.

Ambient temperature range and R value

R value: The insulation capacity of the sleeping pad is expressed by the R value. The higher the R value, the better the insulation, and the better it can isolate the cold on the ground from itself.

Unlike sleeping bags, even if you choose a sleeping mat with a higher warmth, it usually does not cause overheating. But in order to enhance the experience and safety of outdoor camping, we should still compare the ambient temperature range and R value, and choose the most suitable one to carry.

In order to help us understand the performance of the sleeping pad, manufacturers will mark the R value and temperature range on the sleeping pad. You can usually use such a dividing line to distinguish three-season sleeping pads and winter sleeping pads, and the R value is roughly 3.0. We also believe that if the sleeping pad provides the most basic and reliable thermal performance, its R value should be at least 1.5. If the R value is lower, then you are basically sleeping on a heat sink, continuously taking away the heat from your body, making you cold and awake at night. ——”R Value: The Truth Behind the Numbers” Shenzhen Himalayas Even in summer, the day and night temperatures in high mountains and low mountains are different, so we should choose according to specific needs.

Sleeping bag: smart choice, efficient use, know the ambient temperature of the campsite in advance

Would you like to think that when you camp in the summer, you can take a warm sleeping bag for the winter to get everything done? Then you may be wrong. In fact, it is best to choose a specific type of sleeping bag instead of choosing one that can be used in all seasons. Whether taking a thick sleeping bag in winter to go to an environment that is not extreme, or taking a thin sleeping bag to go to an extreme environment in summer, it is very inefficient, insecure and will bring a very poor experience.

For example, in sultry weather, a too thick sleeping bag will make you sweat profusely. Pulling the sleeping bag apart will make you easy to catch cold when the sweat evaporates; while taking a too thin sleeping bag overnight in the cold mountains, it is more It is very bad and dangerous behavior. In short, you will feel much better if you bring a sleeping bag with a suitable thickness according to the ambient temperature of the campsite you are going to in summer. Before setting off, you should know the weather conditions of the campsite in advance, such as knowing the lowest temperature of the day. The temperature scale is the most important indicator of a sleeping bag. When buying, the sales staff will introduce it. The trademark of the sleeping bag will also indicate the temperature suitable for use. Please refer to it. On the sales website, there will also be clear and detailed instructions, such as the temperature scale reminder of a certain brand:

The temperature scale generally consists of three data: minimum temperature, comfortable low temperature, and maximum temperature. From the literal meaning, the minimum temperature is lower than this temperature may be life-threatening; the comfortable temperature refers to the most ideal temperature for the sleeping bag; the maximum temperature refers to the temperature above which users will not be able to bear it. There are two main types of sleeping bag stuffing, down and chemical fiber cotton, and there are also single-layer fleece sleeping bags. The choice of filler depends on your preference and where you will camp. For example, in a relatively warm, non-extreme environment, the fleece sleeping bag can also be used as a summer sleeping bag alone. The style of sleeping bag should also be chosen wisely, such as envelope sleeping bag, which has more loose space and is more suitable for the warm summer season.

Envelope sleeping bag

You can also choose a sleeping bag with a full-length zipper, so that you can flexibly adjust the zipper according to the body temperature during those relatively warm nights.

Finally, when camping in the summer, don’t let the mosquitoes disturb your dreams. Choose a dry place away from woods, grasses, stagnant water, and rivers as much as possible. Spreading a layer of ground cloth under the tent is also a good choice to isolate reptiles.

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What should we do when we live in the tents on summer.

Remove the outer tents and use only the inner tents, which can prevent mosquitoes from getting into trouble without feeling sultry, but in rainy days, just take precautions. Specifically, you can add a canopy on the tent to solve it perfectly. .
A tent is a shed that is propped on the ground to shelter from wind, rain, and sunlight, and for temporary living. It is mostly made of canvas, together with supporting things, which can be removed and transferred at any time. The tent is carried in the form of parts and assembled after arriving at the site. Therefore, various parts and tools are required. Understand the names and usage methods of each component, and be familiar with the structure of the tent, so that the tent can be erected quickly and easily.
Tents are divided into several categories: advertising tents (promotional tents), military tents (civilian tents, construction tents), herringbone big tents, tourist tents {(3 seasons tents (for general outdoor activities)) and 4 seasons tents (winter/ For high mountains)} Disaster relief tents, inflatable tents, decontamination tents, and children’s play tents. All have different functions and are suitable for different environments.
Briefly introduce several:

  1. Construction of tents, the early days of wartime needs, the rise of military tents, due to its strong and durable, suitable fabrics, low cost, adapt to various types of terrain, has become the first choice for construction tents, engineering tents, modern construction tents This is the prototype.
  2. Herringbone roof tents, also known as large tents, tents, etc., are mainly used for various large-scale outdoor activities. The large tent with the gabled roof is simple to erect and disassemble, and there is no need for load-bearing pillars inside, and the site is 100% used. There are no special requirements for the construction site, generally flat ground such as sand, grass, asphalt, cement and tile ground can be used.
  3. The automatic tents are mostly leisure tents, considering the needs of the general public. The automatic tents are mainly for family gatherings and friends outings. Because of the convenience of automatic tents, there is no crowd restriction, and it has set off a trend among young people. It is quick to open, easy to carry, and fashionable, all of which are evaluations given by people who own automatic tents, which also make traditional tents part of the impact. Suitable for field construction operations, camping training, temporary clubs, sports and entertainment venues and military command posts, field hospitals, rescue and disaster relief, camping, leisure, tourism, etc.

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Games suitable for camping

One: Brief introduction of memory test

Unlimited venue: unlimited suitable scope (portable travel tunnel tent)

  1. All the people gathered in a circle, starting from the first person and said “Today I ate an AA” (AA is the name of random food!)
  2. Then the second one went on to say, ate one AA, two BB… (BB has different food names!)
  3. Passing on like this, each person must repeat the previous food name and add a new food name.
  4. Until someone makes a mistake in the middle of the game! Problem example: Choose some more difficult food names or dish names! Or some usually not easy to eat!
    2: Guess the five senses

game instructions

  1. Two people face to face
  2. Randomly start with one person, point to any of his facial features, and ask the other person: “Where is this?”
  3. The other party must answer the questioning party’s question within a short period of time. For example, if the other party points to his nose and asks where it is, the partner must say: This is the nose. At the same time, the partner’s hand must point to any other facial features other than his nose.
  4. If either party makes a mistake in the process, it will be punished; after 3 questions, the two parties will exchange.

Three: Hold the paper cup to pass water

method

Choose a group of eight, and men and women alternately cooperate. A total of sixteen people were selected and divided into two groups to compete at the same time. Another two people assisted. The first person pours water into the paper cup, and then one by one to the next person’s paper cup, the last person’s paper cup is poured into a small tank, and finally within a limited five minutes, see whose tank gets it. Whoever has the most water wins.

Four: The blind carries the lame

game rules

Six people were selected on the spot, three men and three women, boys carrying girls, boys as “blind”, blindfolded with a scarf, girls pretending to be “cripples”, guiding the way for “blind”, bypassing roadblocks, reaching the end, the earliest arrival, To win.

Among them, the roadblocks can be set up to place chairs, which must be detoured; balloons must be stepped on; flowers must be picked up and handed to girls.

Five: Step on the balloon

game rules

The number is ten, five men and five men each, one man and one woman form a group, a total of five groups.

Process: Ten people are selected on the spot, half of the male and female, one male and one female, tied with three to four balloons on the left and right feet. After the activity starts, step on each other’s balloons and keep their balloons unbreakable or broken. The least will win.

Six: drive the train

game rules

Number of people: more than two people, the more the better

Method: Everyone speaks a place name to represent themselves. The location cannot be repeated. After the game starts, suppose you are from Tianjin, and the other person is from Hebei, you have to say: “Go and drive the train, the train in Tianjin is going to leave.” Everyone asked, “Where to go?” You said : “Hebei Kai”. That person in Hebei must respond immediately and say: “Hebei’s train is about to leave.” Then everyone asked: “Where to go?” This person chose another game object and said: ” Drive to a certain place.” If the other party hesitates a little, he loses without responding.

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What should I pay attention to when camping on rainy days?

We can consider from 4 aspects:

  1. Weather forecast: How long is this heavy rain?

If it is heavy rain for more than 3 hours, you can basically consider canceling the event. In this kind of weather, the camp will be full of water. If there is a possibility of floods and landslides in the mountains. The light rain for less than 3 hours can’t stop me, and it is impossible to run away from the rain.

The weather forecast is big weather, and there is a small climate above the mountains. It is important to know in advance and ask the locals.

  1. It is important to choose a campsite:

Regardless of whether your tent is hung on a tree or tied to the ground, camp out away from rivers, ditches and other places that are easily washed by water, even if the tent is waterproof. Because the consideration here is safety and not just waterproof performance. Stay away from camps where the sense of exposure is too strong, because in such a place, thunder, wind, rain and hail are the first to bear the brunt, and there is no backing to help you withstand it. Being wet all over is not fun at all, and it is especially easy to catch a cold. Remember not to use that kind of park camping tent. If you have to deal with heavy rains, you must use a tent with a high waterproof coefficient to solve the problem of water seepage. It is afraid that it will rain heavily outside and light rain inside. Pay attention to the separation of the internal and external accounts, if they fit together, water will leak. It is best to build the canopy with the help of trees. If you use trekking poles, it is easy to be blown down by the wind.

  1. The speed of setting up a tent in the rain is very important

If you are lucky, it will rain after you set up your tent. Bad luck, when you find a suitable camp, the rain has already started.

How to do? You need to be quick to get wet. It is important to practice the tent at home before. Practice makes perfect.

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What should I do if it rains and thunders while camping?

More and more people like outdoor activities, but it is inevitable to encounter bad weather. So what should we do if outdoor camping encounters thunder?

  1. When a thunderstorm is forecast, you should avoid going out as much as possible.
  2. The probability of thunder in the afternoon is much higher than that in the morning, and the weather is relatively cool. Therefore, the morning is the prime time for mountain tourism.
  3. When traveling outdoors in the rainy season, it is best to wear rubber sneakers when going out. It is better to bring an umbrella than a raincoat.
  4. If you hear thunder immediately after seeing the lightning, it means that you are in an environment near thunderstorm, you should stop walking, and it is not advisable to run, wait until the thunder is gone, then you can quickly find a safe place to avoid the rain. .
  5. If there is a sensation of ants crawling on the head, neck, and hands and the hair stands up during the thunder and lightning, it means that a danger will occur. You should hurry up on the ground to reduce the risk of lightning strikes, and remove the metal jewelry, hairpins, necklaces, etc. worn on your body.
  6. Try not to bring keys, necklaces and other metal accessories on your body, and pay special attention to metal frame glasses.
  7. Do not lie on the ground, do not support the ground with your hands, and do not pull together with others.
  8. In the event of a thunderstorm outdoors, immediately terminate all ongoing water sports such as swimming, boating, and fishing.
  9. Look for the nearest building for lightning protection, preferably a building with lightning protection device, never stay under the big tree, next to the iron tower or beside the metal to avoid the rain, and stay away from tall and isolated objects.
  10. Find a low place to squat, feet together, hands on knees, body bend forward, chest close to knees, lower your head as much as possible.
  11. If you see a high-voltage line broken by lightning strikes outdoors, you should be vigilant at this time, because there is voltage near the high-voltage line, people nearby should not run at this time, but should keep your feet together and jump away from the scene.
  12. If you encounter thunder and lightning in a lush forest, you should quickly look for caves or low-lying mountain valleys, try to stay away from trees, lower your body height, prefer to get rained, and not put yourself in a high position in an open area to prevent Struck by lightning. If absolutely necessary, you must keep a distance of 3 meters from the trunk and branches, squat down and close your legs.
  13. Because thunder and lightning are usually rainy, no matter the glass pole or the aluminum pole, the fabric of the tent becomes a conductor due to wet water. Therefore, the attraction to thunder and lightning is more determined by the height rather than the material of the pole.
  14. Lightning strikes mainly occur from the evening to the early morning of the next day. The south slope of the mountain is more than the north slope of the mountain. The slope on the side of the lake has more thunder than the slope on the other side of the lake.
  15. Dig drainage ditches in advance around the tent, prepare some dry firewood, put it in the tent or cover it with rain cloth, and put clothes in plastic bags.

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DAY TRIPPER

What should I pay attention to when camping in the summer?

The indoor high temperature in summer, camping in the wild is the choice of many outdoor enthusiasts, so what should you pay attention to in summer camping? Today I have compiled some related summer camping tips for everyone, I hope it will be helpful to everyone. 1. Before setting up a tent, you must carefully survey the terrain. There should be no rolling stones, rolling logs and those weathered rocks above the camp. Once you find signs of scattered rocks nearby, you must not set up a tent, especially the closer the rock wall is. Be careful and try to avoid camping in concave places.  2. Do not camp on the top of a mountain or open ground during thunderstorms to avoid being struck by lightning. Do not set up camps on river beaches, riverbeds, streams and valleys during thunderstorms to prevent sudden floods from being washed away. Choose a campsite with good drainage, such as sand, grass, or cuttings.   3. Don’t build camps in mudslide-prone areas. Many stones have traces of being wrapped in soil, which is the main sign to identify the occurrence of mudslides. Don’t choose the campsite too close to the mudslide channel.   4. Tents should be set up on hard, flat ground as much as possible, and camps should not be set up on river banks and dry river beds. The entrance of the tent should be leeward, and the tent should be far away from the hillside with rolling rocks. It is best to face the tent to the south or southeast to see the morning sun. Try not to place the camp on ridges or mountain tops.   5. To avoid flooding the tent when it rains, a drainage ditch should be dug directly below the edge of the roof. The four corners of the tent should be held down with big rocks.  6. ​​Keep air circulation in the tent, and prevent fire when cooking in the tent. Before going to bed at night, check whether all the flames have been extinguished and whether the tent is firmly fixed. 7. The wind will quickly take away the heat from the human body, make people cold, and even cause diseases. At the same time, the strong wind will sweep away the tent, at least it will disturb the people to rest. It is more difficult to light a campfire, and it is difficult to guarantee cooking and heating. The camp must be sheltered from the wind. It is best to be on the leeward side of small hills, between forests or clearings near forests, caves, sides of ridges and under rocks, etc. 8. Before camping in the wild during the rainy season, you must pay attention to the climate and hydrology of the campsite and the upper reaches of the river. When camping, pay attention to setting up a tent on the high ground a few meters above the water surface. Do not choose rainwater channels, but choose well-drained ones. Place, and choose a path that can be used to escape in danger. When everything is settled, you need to always pay attention to the flow and turbidity of the water source, as well as the sound of running water. Once you feel abnormal, you must run away. Late at night or when you are tired are the main causes of disasters. Don’t be careless or inattentive.   9. When building a camp, carefully observe whether there are beasts’ footprints, dung, and nests around the camp. Do not build in a snake and rat area to prevent injury or damage to equipment. There must be anti-mosquito, insect, and scorpion drugs and protective measures. Sprinkling some plant ash around the camp will be very effective in preventing the infestation of snakes, scorpions, and poisonous insects. To prevent insects from entering, sprinkle a circle of kerosene around the tent.  10. The ground of the campsite should be level. There should be no tree roots, grass roots and sharp stones, and there should be no bumps or slopes. This will damage the equipment or stabbing personnel, and will also affect the quality of personnel’s rest.

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