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Camping knowledge

1) What kind of clothes should I wear for camping?

It is best to wear jackets when going camping, windproof, waterproof, and warm. If you want to go hiking, try to wear sports shoes. The equipment needed for camping are:

  1. It is better to choose a double-layer tent with stable structure, light weight, strong wind and rain resistance.
  2. Down or goose down sleeping bags are light and have good warmth retention, but the premise is that they must be kept dry. When the environmental conditions are relatively humid, artificial vacuum cotton sleeping bags may be a better choice.
  3. The structure of the backpack should conform to its own body structure and have a comfortable carrying system (such as shoulder straps, waist belts, back panels)
  4. Fire appliances, such as lighters, matches, candles, and magnifying glasses, among which candles can be used as a light source and an excellent combustion-supporting agent.
  5. Picnic utensils, kettles, multi-function picnic pots, sharp multi-function folding knives, tableware.
  6. Special tools, compass, map, rope, folding spade, needle and thread, fishing hook and fishing line, machete, camera.
  7. Water and food: meat, sugar, fat, salt with high calorie.
  8. Life-saving box, antidote, anti-powder, cold medicine, diarrhea medicine, Yunnan Baiyao, analgesic, gauze, tape, bandage.

2) Summer camping equipment and precautions

The essential items for summer camping are as follows:
Before camping, you must first make a list of equipment and prepare the essential items. The list should include: low-ventilation double-layer tents, moisture-proof pads, sleeping bags, mosquito coils, sulfur, lighting equipment, etc.
Generally speaking, low-permeable double-layer tents are the first choice, because the problem of “high moisture and heavy dew” at night will occur regardless of the sea or the mountains. If the tent is equipped with a waterproof mat, the waterproof performance will be better, which can improve the moisture from the ground. Moisture-proof mats are easily overlooked by novice campers, thinking that the waterproof function of the tent is enough. In fact, moisture-proof mats can allow campers to lie down and rest at night. It is recommended to choose physical foaming products to avoid peculiar smell. If conditions permit, you can choose to use an automatically inflated inflatable cushion as a moisture-proof cushion, which is more soft and comfortable. Another item that is easy to overlook is the sleeping bag. Because generally speaking, summer tents will be warmer, unless it is in the high-cold area, there are not many opportunities to actually get into the sleeping bag. However, the temperature difference between day and night in the wild is large after all, so it is best to prepare an envelope sleeping bag and unfold it as a quilt.
Night lights are very important for camping. Lighting equipment can be battery lights or gas lights. If it is a battery light, be sure to prepare enough spare batteries. Sulfur and pesticides are used to spray around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming themselves.
In addition, it is advisable to wear long clothes and trousers that are more close-fitting to avoid mosquito bites and tree branches. Shoes should choose non-slip outdoor sports shoes. Before departure, prepare enough clean water, dry food and common medicines, such as mosquito repellent, antidiarrheal medicine, and trauma medicine.
If outdoor camping is accompanied by certain adventure activities, you should also bring two kinds of knives. One of them is a multifunctional knife that can be folded. It has more than ten functions such as main knife, bottle opener, tweezers, hunter sickle, saw, etc., which is convenient and practical. The broad knife should be a knife that is suitable for cutting wood and can also be used for hunting animals, skinning, or a large and heavy meniscus in moments of danger.

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Summer outdoor camping strategy, how to prepare your camping equipment?

The moon rose higher and higher, the sky filled the stars and the stars flowed quietly. Friends said goodnight to each other, went into their respective small worlds, lay down in the depths of comfortable sleeping bags, and fell asleep.

But sometimes, some embarrassing problems make us fall asleep less easily.

In the sultry weather, a sleeping bag of inappropriate thickness makes you warm up… After the rain, the ground is wet, and you forgot to bring a sleeping pad. A cold feeling slowly invades your body… It is also possible that you have overlooked the microclimate in the mountains, Underestimated the cold caused by altitude. In short, it is difficult for you to fall asleep.

Under the starry sky, how to get a five-star sleep quality? This needs to start with creating a comfortable sleep system.

In camping, the most basic equipment that constitutes the “sleep system” is sleeping mats and sleeping bags, which can be selected according to the needs of different people, and can also include pillows, clothing, etc. The equipment that composes the sleep system should have sufficient functionality and comfort.

Sleeping mat: Even in summer, insulation is important for a good sleep

In summer, many hardcore mountain friends can do without sleeping pads. They may put clothes and backpacks underneath to keep warm. But for most people, sleeping mats are used all year round. Sleeping bags cannot completely replace the role of sleeping pads. Unlike the urban environment, the temperature difference between day and night in the mountains is relatively large, and the influence of altitude on temperature needs to be considered. Sleeping mats are one of the main sources of insulation and warmth. Even in summer, insulation is also very important for good sleep.

Maybe the campsite has just rained a few days ago, and some places are very humid. At this time, a sleeping mat is needed to isolate the humidity and low temperature to increase comfort. The cold air on the ground rushes directly into the bones, which is also very harmful to the body. In addition, the uncomfortable feeling caused by uneven ground, the sleeping pad can also help you easily reduce it. In the choice of sleeping pads, in addition to choosing different sizes and types according to their own needs, it is more important to evaluate the R value according to the ambient temperature and its own cold and heat resistance.

Ambient temperature range and R value

R value: The insulation capacity of the sleeping pad is expressed by the R value. The higher the R value, the better the insulation, and the better it can isolate the cold on the ground from itself.

Unlike sleeping bags, even if you choose a sleeping mat with a higher warmth, it usually does not cause overheating. But in order to enhance the experience and safety of outdoor camping, we should still compare the ambient temperature range and R value, and choose the most suitable one to carry.

In order to help us understand the performance of the sleeping pad, manufacturers will mark the R value and temperature range on the sleeping pad. You can usually use such a dividing line to distinguish three-season sleeping pads and winter sleeping pads, and the R value is roughly 3.0. We also believe that if the sleeping pad provides the most basic and reliable thermal performance, its R value should be at least 1.5. If the R value is lower, then you are basically sleeping on a heat sink, continuously taking away the heat from your body, making you cold and awake at night. ——”R Value: The Truth Behind the Numbers” Shenzhen Himalayas Even in summer, the day and night temperatures in high mountains and low mountains are different, so we should choose according to specific needs.

Sleeping bag: smart choice, efficient use, know the ambient temperature of the campsite in advance

Would you like to think that when you camp in the summer, you can take a warm sleeping bag for the winter to get everything done? Then you may be wrong. In fact, it is best to choose a specific type of sleeping bag instead of choosing one that can be used in all seasons. Whether taking a thick sleeping bag in winter to go to an environment that is not extreme, or taking a thin sleeping bag to go to an extreme environment in summer, it is very inefficient, insecure and will bring a very poor experience.

For example, in sultry weather, a too thick sleeping bag will make you sweat profusely. Pulling the sleeping bag apart will make you easy to catch cold when the sweat evaporates; while taking a too thin sleeping bag overnight in the cold mountains, it is more It is very bad and dangerous behavior. In short, you will feel much better if you bring a sleeping bag with a suitable thickness according to the ambient temperature of the campsite you are going to in summer. Before setting off, you should know the weather conditions of the campsite in advance, such as knowing the lowest temperature of the day. The temperature scale is the most important indicator of a sleeping bag. When buying, the sales staff will introduce it. The trademark of the sleeping bag will also indicate the temperature suitable for use. Please refer to it. On the sales website, there will also be clear and detailed instructions, such as the temperature scale reminder of a certain brand:

The temperature scale generally consists of three data: minimum temperature, comfortable low temperature, and maximum temperature. From the literal meaning, the minimum temperature is lower than this temperature may be life-threatening; the comfortable temperature refers to the most ideal temperature for the sleeping bag; the maximum temperature refers to the temperature above which users will not be able to bear it. There are two main types of sleeping bag stuffing, down and chemical fiber cotton, and there are also single-layer fleece sleeping bags. The choice of filler depends on your preference and where you will camp. For example, in a relatively warm, non-extreme environment, the fleece sleeping bag can also be used as a summer sleeping bag alone. The style of sleeping bag should also be chosen wisely, such as envelope sleeping bag, which has more loose space and is more suitable for the warm summer season.

Envelope sleeping bag

You can also choose a sleeping bag with a full-length zipper, so that you can flexibly adjust the zipper according to the body temperature during those relatively warm nights.

Finally, when camping in the summer, don’t let the mosquitoes disturb your dreams. Choose a dry place away from woods, grasses, stagnant water, and rivers as much as possible. Spreading a layer of ground cloth under the tent is also a good choice to isolate reptiles.

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What should we do when we live in the tents on summer.

Remove the outer tents and use only the inner tents, which can prevent mosquitoes from getting into trouble without feeling sultry, but in rainy days, just take precautions. Specifically, you can add a canopy on the tent to solve it perfectly. .
A tent is a shed that is propped on the ground to shelter from wind, rain, and sunlight, and for temporary living. It is mostly made of canvas, together with supporting things, which can be removed and transferred at any time. The tent is carried in the form of parts and assembled after arriving at the site. Therefore, various parts and tools are required. Understand the names and usage methods of each component, and be familiar with the structure of the tent, so that the tent can be erected quickly and easily.
Tents are divided into several categories: advertising tents (promotional tents), military tents (civilian tents, construction tents), herringbone big tents, tourist tents {(3 seasons tents (for general outdoor activities)) and 4 seasons tents (winter/ For high mountains)} Disaster relief tents, inflatable tents, decontamination tents, and children’s play tents. All have different functions and are suitable for different environments.
Briefly introduce several:

  1. Construction of tents, the early days of wartime needs, the rise of military tents, due to its strong and durable, suitable fabrics, low cost, adapt to various types of terrain, has become the first choice for construction tents, engineering tents, modern construction tents This is the prototype.
  2. Herringbone roof tents, also known as large tents, tents, etc., are mainly used for various large-scale outdoor activities. The large tent with the gabled roof is simple to erect and disassemble, and there is no need for load-bearing pillars inside, and the site is 100% used. There are no special requirements for the construction site, generally flat ground such as sand, grass, asphalt, cement and tile ground can be used.
  3. The automatic tents are mostly leisure tents, considering the needs of the general public. The automatic tents are mainly for family gatherings and friends outings. Because of the convenience of automatic tents, there is no crowd restriction, and it has set off a trend among young people. It is quick to open, easy to carry, and fashionable, all of which are evaluations given by people who own automatic tents, which also make traditional tents part of the impact. Suitable for field construction operations, camping training, temporary clubs, sports and entertainment venues and military command posts, field hospitals, rescue and disaster relief, camping, leisure, tourism, etc.

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Games suitable for camping

One: Brief introduction of memory test

Unlimited venue: unlimited suitable scope (portable travel tunnel tent)

  1. All the people gathered in a circle, starting from the first person and said “Today I ate an AA” (AA is the name of random food!)
  2. Then the second one went on to say, ate one AA, two BB… (BB has different food names!)
  3. Passing on like this, each person must repeat the previous food name and add a new food name.
  4. Until someone makes a mistake in the middle of the game! Problem example: Choose some more difficult food names or dish names! Or some usually not easy to eat!
    2: Guess the five senses

game instructions

  1. Two people face to face
  2. Randomly start with one person, point to any of his facial features, and ask the other person: “Where is this?”
  3. The other party must answer the questioning party’s question within a short period of time. For example, if the other party points to his nose and asks where it is, the partner must say: This is the nose. At the same time, the partner’s hand must point to any other facial features other than his nose.
  4. If either party makes a mistake in the process, it will be punished; after 3 questions, the two parties will exchange.

Three: Hold the paper cup to pass water

method

Choose a group of eight, and men and women alternately cooperate. A total of sixteen people were selected and divided into two groups to compete at the same time. Another two people assisted. The first person pours water into the paper cup, and then one by one to the next person’s paper cup, the last person’s paper cup is poured into a small tank, and finally within a limited five minutes, see whose tank gets it. Whoever has the most water wins.

Four: The blind carries the lame

game rules

Six people were selected on the spot, three men and three women, boys carrying girls, boys as “blind”, blindfolded with a scarf, girls pretending to be “cripples”, guiding the way for “blind”, bypassing roadblocks, reaching the end, the earliest arrival, To win.

Among them, the roadblocks can be set up to place chairs, which must be detoured; balloons must be stepped on; flowers must be picked up and handed to girls.

Five: Step on the balloon

game rules

The number is ten, five men and five men each, one man and one woman form a group, a total of five groups.

Process: Ten people are selected on the spot, half of the male and female, one male and one female, tied with three to four balloons on the left and right feet. After the activity starts, step on each other’s balloons and keep their balloons unbreakable or broken. The least will win.

Six: drive the train

game rules

Number of people: more than two people, the more the better

Method: Everyone speaks a place name to represent themselves. The location cannot be repeated. After the game starts, suppose you are from Tianjin, and the other person is from Hebei, you have to say: “Go and drive the train, the train in Tianjin is going to leave.” Everyone asked, “Where to go?” You said : “Hebei Kai”. That person in Hebei must respond immediately and say: “Hebei’s train is about to leave.” Then everyone asked: “Where to go?” This person chose another game object and said: ” Drive to a certain place.” If the other party hesitates a little, he loses without responding.

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What should I pay attention to when camping on rainy days?

We can consider from 4 aspects:

  1. Weather forecast: How long is this heavy rain?

If it is heavy rain for more than 3 hours, you can basically consider canceling the event. In this kind of weather, the camp will be full of water. If there is a possibility of floods and landslides in the mountains. The light rain for less than 3 hours can’t stop me, and it is impossible to run away from the rain.

The weather forecast is big weather, and there is a small climate above the mountains. It is important to know in advance and ask the locals.

  1. It is important to choose a campsite:

Regardless of whether your tent is hung on a tree or tied to the ground, camp out away from rivers, ditches and other places that are easily washed by water, even if the tent is waterproof. Because the consideration here is safety and not just waterproof performance. Stay away from camps where the sense of exposure is too strong, because in such a place, thunder, wind, rain and hail are the first to bear the brunt, and there is no backing to help you withstand it. Being wet all over is not fun at all, and it is especially easy to catch a cold. Remember not to use that kind of park camping tent. If you have to deal with heavy rains, you must use a tent with a high waterproof coefficient to solve the problem of water seepage. It is afraid that it will rain heavily outside and light rain inside. Pay attention to the separation of the internal and external accounts, if they fit together, water will leak. It is best to build the canopy with the help of trees. If you use trekking poles, it is easy to be blown down by the wind.

  1. The speed of setting up a tent in the rain is very important

If you are lucky, it will rain after you set up your tent. Bad luck, when you find a suitable camp, the rain has already started.

How to do? You need to be quick to get wet. It is important to practice the tent at home before. Practice makes perfect.

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What should I do if it rains and thunders while camping?

More and more people like outdoor activities, but it is inevitable to encounter bad weather. So what should we do if outdoor camping encounters thunder?

  1. When a thunderstorm is forecast, you should avoid going out as much as possible.
  2. The probability of thunder in the afternoon is much higher than that in the morning, and the weather is relatively cool. Therefore, the morning is the prime time for mountain tourism.
  3. When traveling outdoors in the rainy season, it is best to wear rubber sneakers when going out. It is better to bring an umbrella than a raincoat.
  4. If you hear thunder immediately after seeing the lightning, it means that you are in an environment near thunderstorm, you should stop walking, and it is not advisable to run, wait until the thunder is gone, then you can quickly find a safe place to avoid the rain. .
  5. If there is a sensation of ants crawling on the head, neck, and hands and the hair stands up during the thunder and lightning, it means that a danger will occur. You should hurry up on the ground to reduce the risk of lightning strikes, and remove the metal jewelry, hairpins, necklaces, etc. worn on your body.
  6. Try not to bring keys, necklaces and other metal accessories on your body, and pay special attention to metal frame glasses.
  7. Do not lie on the ground, do not support the ground with your hands, and do not pull together with others.
  8. In the event of a thunderstorm outdoors, immediately terminate all ongoing water sports such as swimming, boating, and fishing.
  9. Look for the nearest building for lightning protection, preferably a building with lightning protection device, never stay under the big tree, next to the iron tower or beside the metal to avoid the rain, and stay away from tall and isolated objects.
  10. Find a low place to squat, feet together, hands on knees, body bend forward, chest close to knees, lower your head as much as possible.
  11. If you see a high-voltage line broken by lightning strikes outdoors, you should be vigilant at this time, because there is voltage near the high-voltage line, people nearby should not run at this time, but should keep your feet together and jump away from the scene.
  12. If you encounter thunder and lightning in a lush forest, you should quickly look for caves or low-lying mountain valleys, try to stay away from trees, lower your body height, prefer to get rained, and not put yourself in a high position in an open area to prevent Struck by lightning. If absolutely necessary, you must keep a distance of 3 meters from the trunk and branches, squat down and close your legs.
  13. Because thunder and lightning are usually rainy, no matter the glass pole or the aluminum pole, the fabric of the tent becomes a conductor due to wet water. Therefore, the attraction to thunder and lightning is more determined by the height rather than the material of the pole.
  14. Lightning strikes mainly occur from the evening to the early morning of the next day. The south slope of the mountain is more than the north slope of the mountain. The slope on the side of the lake has more thunder than the slope on the other side of the lake.
  15. Dig drainage ditches in advance around the tent, prepare some dry firewood, put it in the tent or cover it with rain cloth, and put clothes in plastic bags.

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What should I pay attention to when camping in the summer?

The indoor high temperature in summer, camping in the wild is the choice of many outdoor enthusiasts, so what should you pay attention to in summer camping? Today I have compiled some related summer camping tips for everyone, I hope it will be helpful to everyone. 1. Before setting up a tent, you must carefully survey the terrain. There should be no rolling stones, rolling logs and those weathered rocks above the camp. Once you find signs of scattered rocks nearby, you must not set up a tent, especially the closer the rock wall is. Be careful and try to avoid camping in concave places.  2. Do not camp on the top of a mountain or open ground during thunderstorms to avoid being struck by lightning. Do not set up camps on river beaches, riverbeds, streams and valleys during thunderstorms to prevent sudden floods from being washed away. Choose a campsite with good drainage, such as sand, grass, or cuttings.   3. Don’t build camps in mudslide-prone areas. Many stones have traces of being wrapped in soil, which is the main sign to identify the occurrence of mudslides. Don’t choose the campsite too close to the mudslide channel.   4. Tents should be set up on hard, flat ground as much as possible, and camps should not be set up on river banks and dry river beds. The entrance of the tent should be leeward, and the tent should be far away from the hillside with rolling rocks. It is best to face the tent to the south or southeast to see the morning sun. Try not to place the camp on ridges or mountain tops.   5. To avoid flooding the tent when it rains, a drainage ditch should be dug directly below the edge of the roof. The four corners of the tent should be held down with big rocks.  6. ​​Keep air circulation in the tent, and prevent fire when cooking in the tent. Before going to bed at night, check whether all the flames have been extinguished and whether the tent is firmly fixed. 7. The wind will quickly take away the heat from the human body, make people cold, and even cause diseases. At the same time, the strong wind will sweep away the tent, at least it will disturb the people to rest. It is more difficult to light a campfire, and it is difficult to guarantee cooking and heating. The camp must be sheltered from the wind. It is best to be on the leeward side of small hills, between forests or clearings near forests, caves, sides of ridges and under rocks, etc. 8. Before camping in the wild during the rainy season, you must pay attention to the climate and hydrology of the campsite and the upper reaches of the river. When camping, pay attention to setting up a tent on the high ground a few meters above the water surface. Do not choose rainwater channels, but choose well-drained ones. Place, and choose a path that can be used to escape in danger. When everything is settled, you need to always pay attention to the flow and turbidity of the water source, as well as the sound of running water. Once you feel abnormal, you must run away. Late at night or when you are tired are the main causes of disasters. Don’t be careless or inattentive.   9. When building a camp, carefully observe whether there are beasts’ footprints, dung, and nests around the camp. Do not build in a snake and rat area to prevent injury or damage to equipment. There must be anti-mosquito, insect, and scorpion drugs and protective measures. Sprinkling some plant ash around the camp will be very effective in preventing the infestation of snakes, scorpions, and poisonous insects. To prevent insects from entering, sprinkle a circle of kerosene around the tent.  10. The ground of the campsite should be level. There should be no tree roots, grass roots and sharp stones, and there should be no bumps or slopes. This will damage the equipment or stabbing personnel, and will also affect the quality of personnel’s rest.

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Camping in the tropics or by the sea

In summer, many people choose to camp in the tropics or by the sea. So what should be paid attention to?

Pay attention to the following points when camping in the tropics:

  1. Be sure to find a place where the terrain is relatively high and there are no obvious signs of flooding as a campsite, and the bed should be higher than the ground.

Second, find some rattans and weave them in layers on the fixed support to make a good shelter. Then find some large leaves and fix them on the branch frame to use as a roof.

Third, a hammock is an ideal place to rest. If you don’t bring a hammock, you can make a hammock with your belongings. Tie the four corners of raincoats, sheets, felts, etc. with ropes, and fix them to four trees with ropes.

Fourth, the fourth is to use tree stumps or insert thick trunks into the ground, build a few trunks into a frame, then split the bamboos, and lay them side by side on the bottom of the frame as a bed board, and spread wide leaves on the top of the frame to serve as a ceiling. Fifth, put a horizontal stick between the tree and the tree or between the tree and the column, build a frame with a 45-degree inclination between the stick and the ground, seal the frame around the frame with leaves, and spread hay on the bottom. .

Fifth and six, setting up a fire at the leeward of the camping shed, and using the wooden wall to reflect the heat into the shed, can also overcome the problems of dampness and mosquitoes.

There are also six points to note when camping by the sea:

One is that it is not a last resort, it is best not to camp on the beach.

The second is to carefully observe and confirm the highest position that can be reached when the sea is high tide, and then build the camping shed in a place that cannot be reached when the sea is high tide.

The third is to choose a place with a relatively high terrain to ensure that the camping shed will not be flooded when the thunderstorm suddenly comes.

Fourth, to avoid the sea breeze as much as possible, it is best to spread a layer of waterproof material on the ground, such as hay, raincoat, and plastic film.

Fifth, pay attention to its sealing when constructing camping sheds by the sea, and not build overly exposed camping sites.
Sixth, if there is seawater flooding into the camp, you should retreat to a safe area immediately, and you should not delay the time to avoid being swept away by the waves.

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How to sleep in outdoor camping?

Not knowing this is equivalent to “sleeping naked”!

When I haven’t tried camping, I always dreamed about a beautiful natural life. In the dense forest, the morning light of sunrise was weakened by the layers of green leaves, and a sparse light and shadow fell near my ears, and the lively sounds of insects and birds were next to my ears. , And then wake up the body after a sound sleep to restore its former vitality.

But if it is the first time for Xiaobai to go out, he often suffers from those inexperienced losses. The tent leaks light and is awakened by the light when the sky is dark. Without moisture-proof materials, he turns over and over at night like sleeping in a damp marsh. The accumulation of these little things broke the original beauty, and since then I never want to go camping, but use the following tips to ensure that you have a good sleep and fall in love with camping.

  1. Bring a sleeping bag, moisture-proof pad, etc.

First of all, sleep outdoors, unless it is a light luxury camping, like those wild moving styles in the United States, where the two-meter big bed and lazy sofa in the home are moved into the tent, but generally it is lighter to travel, and at most you can bring a camp bed. . Therefore, the quality of sleep can only be adjusted by the materials that you carry. The first is the floor mat, which can be egg-shaped or inflated, which can prevent the intimacy of zero-distance contact with the earth. The second is the sleeping bag, except in summer, under normal circumstances. It is necessary to bring a sleeping bag according to the specific temperature.

In the last winter, you need to bring a heater, wood stove, etc. to keep you warm.

  1. The location of the camp should be appropriate

For the quality of sleep, if the three-piece suit is the internal cause, then the choice of the camp is the external cause, and both are indispensable. There are too many things to explain in the choice of camp. For example, the ground should be flat, no stones or bumps. If you camp in the mountains, you should be sunny and don’t be shaded. The cold wind at night will make you regret it. Third, you can’t stay in the summer. Places that are prone to high tides, such as rivers, should not be under trees to prevent threats from thunder. Finally, get closer to the water source and so on. You can talk about it in detail later.

  1. If you have strict sleep requirements, you can wear eye masks or earplugs.

A friend used to share the account with her friend when she was camping. Because she is a person with higher requirements for a sleeping environment, she happened to be snoring all night, which caused her to turn over and over all night without falling asleep. After that, she would wear earplugs every time she went out. , But also lose the precious experience of falling asleep accompanied by the white noise of nature at night, so this can be according to personal needs.

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How to avoid a failed camping when traveling outdoors?

Camping is a very simple matter. Bring tents, moisture-proof mats, sleeping bags and other basic equipment, and find a good place to camp.

But camping is very particular. The wrong location may result in poor rest. A slight negligence may even encounter dangerous situations such as mudslides, river surges, and animal invasions.

In outdoor travel, choosing a good camping site is arguably the most important little thing.

  1. Check the climate of the campsite

Pay attention to local weather news-When looking up weather information, it is best to also check local weather news. From July to August this year, Hunan rained heavily and many rivers and creeks soared. If you want to go camping in Hunan at this time, you need to be cautious. Even if the place you go is sunny, there is no guarantee that the river surge or even the flood caused by heavy rain in other places will not harm you.

  1. Prepare the right equipment
    After inquiring about the local geographic and climate information, we will prepare equipment. The basic equipment for camping is relatively simple, including tents, moisture-proof mats, sleeping bags, stoves, and mountaineering clothing. According to the situation of the campsite, we need to choose the appropriate basic equipment first.

Tents-“buck teeth” summer Indian tents can be used in places with relatively hot weather and relatively low winds, such as the seaside and camping grounds in the south. If you want to go to the top of a mountain with a relatively high altitude, or a place with a relatively windy grassland, it is not suitable.

Remember that for every 1,000 meters of altitude, the temperature will drop by about 6 degrees Celsius. Unless you go camping in a hotter area, it is still recommended to bring a three-season tent. Moisture-proof pad-Moisture-proof pad is a piece of equipment that is easily overlooked. However, it actually plays an extremely important role in keeping warm. If you don’t have a moisture-proof mat, your body’s heat will continue to be lost when you sleep at night. Even in a warm enough area, this will cause you to become exhausted, and it may even be life-threatening in cold areas.

When we buy moisture-proof pads, we will ask about the size, material, weight, and thickness of the product. At the same time, we should also pay attention to the two most important indicators-R value and recommended temperature scale.

The temperature scale is a relatively easy-to-understand concept, which is the ambient temperature it is recommended to use.
The comparison of R value is an abstract concept. Simply put, the higher the R value of a moisture-proof pad, the less heat you lose when you sleep on it, and the warmer it will be. Sleeping bag-sleeping bag is actually a better choice. The main things you need to consider are temperature scale, choice of duck down or goose down, sleeping bag material and sleeping bag style. As the saying goes, bring dry food and warm clothes. When choosing a sleeping bag, I prefer to choose a temperature scale that is lower than my real needs.

One thing worth noting when choosing the temperature scale of a sleeping bag is that a general sleeping bag will be marked with three temperature scales, which are the maximum adaptable temperature, the comfortable temperature, and the limit temperature. We try our best to use the comfort temperature scale as the measuring scale of choice. After all, the limit temperature scale only means that the sleeping bag will not lose the temperature at this temperature, and it must not make you sleep comfortable.

In addition to the three major equipment in the camp, we also need stoves and lighting equipment in the camp. I will discuss the stove with the ingredients in the food section. Here we talk about the lighting equipment. Headlights, camp lights, and flashlights are the three major components of lighting equipment:

The headlamp is tied to the top of the head, and as you swing the head lamp tube always shines in your field of vision, which is the main force of night lighting;
Camp lights are generally floodlights, which can be hung on tree branches, in the sky, or on upright trekking poles to provide a light source from top to bottom to illuminate the entire camp;
The flashlight is responsible for providing long-distance lighting for you. At present, the general small DC brightness has reached more than 1000, and the effective irradiation range is more than 100 meters, providing a better view at night. 3. Prepare the right ingredients before departure
Stoves-suitable ingredients and stoves must be prepared before departure.

Today, when light weight and small size are popular, integrated burners are becoming more and more popular.
However, the split burner can provide greater firepower and more stable support.
Gas tanks that use methane as the main raw material are the main fuel for camping, and their portability makes them popular. Although the oil furnace has greater firepower, its volume and weight are not dominant.

It should be noted that if we choose to camp at a high altitude, due to the thin air, the burning power of the air tank is not enough, or even burnt up. At this time, we’d better choose an oil stove to cook rice, plus a pressure cooker, so that we can eat better on the plateau.

Ingredients-Regarding ingredients, whether you are going out to rot or taking a long-term plan, you should aim to eat better. In the camp, only a good meal can regain strength. So how can we eat well?

Short-term corruption is easier. We only need to prepare for one or two big meals. We can carry on the mountain as the basis. We can bring whatever we like. We can have a meal of mutton-shabu, skewers, and dumplings in the mountains. It’s nothing new. But going long-term requires careful planning and detailed planning of daily rations.

Carbon water, rice, noodles, tsampa, etc., each man needs about 400 grams of carbon water per day, and about 300 grams for women;
Fruits and vegetables, in the long-term outdoor environment, fresh melons and fruits can not only supplement the vitamins and electrolytes necessary for the human body, but also give the traveler spiritual motivation.
Once a friend walked on Aotai Mountain for several days, the morale of the whole team was low. Suddenly, someone took out an apple that had been reluctant to eat, and shared food with the team members. The delicious and juicy apples brought tears to the team members’ eyes. They have never eaten such a delicious apple! The morale of the entire team was also boosted.

Just having these ingredients is still not enough. If you want to eat well on the road, enough protein is also necessary. There is a limited amount of fresh meat that can be carried on the long line for a few days, but you can still prepare some for the first day of camping and eat better. For the next few days of the trip, it is enough to bring some eggs, dried meat and other food.

It’s a meal! In fact, I don’t think I need to elaborate on how to cook, anyway, my cooking skills are really not good. However, there are still some things to pay attention to when cooking at the campsite, that is, windproof, fireproof and the disposal of leftovers.

Windproof-Set up camp in the valley where the wind is relatively small, and it is not necessary to protect the stove from the wind when cooking. However, in places such as mountain tops, grasslands, and seasides, wind protection is required. Carrying a windbreak is the easiest way. If you don’t bring it, you can also find a few stones and build a temporary windbreak.

Fire prevention-in nature, fire prevention is the most important thing. In recent years, many mountain forests have set fire protection periods. Before June 1st after the beginning of each year, if there is no rainfall, many forests around Beijing are not open to the public. Fire prevention involves personal safety, and once a fire occurs in the natural environment, it is extremely difficult to control the fire, which often leads to disastrous consequences.

If you pick up dead wood in the forest to build a bonfire, the heat of the bonfire is released to the surroundings, and there is a great risk of reigniting after being extinguished.
Cooking with a stove is a safer way. The heat of methane burned by the stove is fully transmitted upwards, and it is not easy to ignite the surrounding vegetation, which is safer.
Even so, we also need to build a cooking area. Cooking on the grassland requires opening up a safe area, looking for a muddy ground with no vegetation as a cooking area, or directly pulling out a piece of grass and digging an insulated area for cooking.

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