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The difference between wild camping and camping

The definition is different.
Camping is a kind of leisure activity, usually campers bring tents, leave the city to camp in the wild, and spend one or more nights. Camping is usually associated with other activities, such as hiking, fishing or swimming. Wild camping is an accommodation in the wild. It is an item of military or sports training. Generally, it is necessary to make a bonfire to prevent the invasion of wild animals and use it to burn, roast, boil or heat camping food.

The way is different.
There are basically three types of camping. The first is conventional camping, the second is trailer camping, and the third is special camping. Conventional camping refers to the fact that campers reach the camping site on foot or by driving a vehicle, usually in valleys, lakes, and seasides. Campers can make bonfires. Travelers who often engage in such activities are also known as backpackers, like other outdoor sports enthusiasts. , Also known as the donkey.

Trailer camping refers to driving a special traveling vehicle, also known as a mobile home vehicle, to camp in the wild. Usually such a trailer is like a house, with heating or air-conditioning equipment, electricity supply, and even a kitchen. Such campers Usually not called a backpacker. Special form camping refers to camping for special activities, such as long-distance rock climbing. Long-distance rock climbing may take several days. To rest, campers hang their tents on the edge of the cliff to camp. Such camping is very dangerous and exciting.

Camping method, you will choose the campsite. Choose a place that is dry, flat, wide-sighted, with access, sheltered from wind and drainage, and convenient for water. Dig the field toilets yourself. Prepare camping utensils, cooking utensils, and food by yourself. Do not choose campsites. The cliffs of Yitafang. Do not stay under the dam or pay attention to the flood warning.

The purpose is different.
Camping is to set up camp accommodation in the wild, and the purpose is to serve as an item of military or sports training. Camping generally requires a bonfire, which can not only prevent the invasion of wild beasts, but also can be used to burn, roast, boil or heat camping food, so lighting a fire is very important for camping.
Camping is a kind of leisure activity, usually campers bring tents, leave the city to camp in the wild, and spend one or more nights. Camping is usually associated with other activities, such as hiking, fishing or swimming.

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When camping out, these little details must be known

When you go to some distant places, there is no guarantee that you will be able to return on the same day, so it is best to bring camping equipment in case you need it. Moreover, it gets dark early in winter. To ensure safety, it is better to maintain a life pattern of “work at sunrise and rest at sunset” outdoors. When camping outside, there are a few things to pay attention to.
Putting sleeping bags into camping bags can increase comfort. A similar effect can be achieved by using sleeping bag lining, life-saving blanket, impervious lining or using two sleeping bags. The impervious lining should be used below freezing. Pay attention to keeping enough comfortable space when using two sleeping bags.

Remember to use sleeping mats when sleeping in winter. Many people even recommend using two. Preventing heat from flowing to the ground is more important than preventing heat from dissipating in cold air.
Do not breathe in the sleeping bag but breathe through the gap in the woolen cap. The exhaled moisture will wet the sleeping bag and reduce its ability to keep warm.

Putting a bottle of hot water on the soles of your feet will keep your feet warm overnight. Of course don’t forget to tighten the bottle.
Don’t try to dry large clothes such as pants or sweatshirts in sleeping bags overnight. Too much moisture will reduce the thermal performance of the sleeping bag.

Try to ventilate the tent to reduce condensation on the inner wall. The warmth of a few degrees Celsius gained by sealing the tent is not worth the loss compared to the pain of getting wet with the condensed water and the tent.
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How to find water when camping

When outdoors, many people don’t pay attention to bringing their own drinking water, which is actually caused by the weight-bearing problem, because no amount of water belts are enough, and it happens because there are water sources everywhere in nature. So how to find a clean water source?
It is easy to find a clean water source in some mountains outdoors, but we also need to pay attention that most water sources, whether clean or not, are prone to bacteria.
Therefore, when looking for a water source, mountain spring water can generally be consumed directly, but you still need to take a certain risk. Therefore, it is safest to boil outdoor drinking water for five minutes before drinking it.
The water we found on some rock walls, as long as there are no contaminants on the rock walls, it can be directly drunk. This is the safest,
Of course, when you find some streams and some rivers, you should actually be more careful. The closer you are to human civilization, the more likely it is to be polluted.
If there are a lot of bubbles and bubbles on the surface of the river, the water has basically been contaminated. It is not recommended that you drink it or even use it, because there is a certain risk.
Generally speaking, there is a great chance of finding clean water outdoors, but there are also many times when you find some dirty water that looks dirty, and you have to use it as a last resort, so you have to master some water purification measures. And skills too.
After we filter out some basic impurities, what we need to pay attention to is to boil the water for a certain period of time before drinking it. This is very important. So we must know safe drinking water.

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Precautions for camping

Before setting off, you must imagine as much as possible the various situations that you will face in the wild in order to prepare the corresponding skills and equipment. Camping needs to determine the equipment you need according to your camping place, season, and number of people. The most basic needs are tents and moisture-proof mats. If you are close to home, you can use the quilt at home, if you are far away, you need a sleeping bag. If it’s the weather

Cooler requires air cushion or air bed. If you try to drive, the more camping equipment, the better. If you are hiking, you also need to prepare a hiking bag with a good system. When camping outdoors, you need to pay attention to the weather, and outdoor sports are the most important

The thing is to pay attention to safety.

What should I pay attention to when camping?

  1. Direction problem

Collect maps and related materials of the activity area as much as possible before traveling, and make a preliminary understanding of the major turning and obvious signs that will appear. When there is a contour map, the predetermined route and direction can be analyzed, such as: several mountain ridges to be crossed, several piers to pass, and approximate elevation and descent conditions. This helps to determine the direction on the go.

Second, the waterproof problem

In the rainy season or rainy areas, especially for long time crossings, the entire activity will encounter great troubles such as insufficient waterproof preparation. For example, there is no dry clothes to change, and the camera, battery, food and other items are damaged by moisture. Therefore, it is necessary to understand the climate of the activity area before traveling, and prepare accordingly.

  1. Drinking water problem

When crossing short distances, if it is known that it is difficult to replenish water, you should bring enough drinking water, about 2 liters per person per day (if FB meals are not required). For long-distance crossings, water can be taken from waterfalls, rivers, lakes and ponds on the way, but the pollution must be observed

Conditions, such as: unmanned animal activity near the water, presence of animal carcasses, presence or absence of feces and other pollutants. When there is a lot of sand in the water, let the water settle for more than 10 minutes. In areas where there are many locusts, use an open or transparent container when fetching water.

In order to find out whether there are locusts in the water in time.

Fourth, the fire problem

When traveling, you must carry more than one fire source, such as lighters (multiple types), matches, scythes, etc. If possible, it is best to bring camping stoves, gas tanks or fuel tanks. When lighting a fire in the camp, pay attention to whether the camp is forbidden

District, otherwise don’t violate the rules except for survival. Before starting a fire, prepare some dry fine wood (slightly thinner than chopsticks), put it on the bottom of the stove piled with stones, and then put thick wood on top, light the fine wood and blow hard with your mouth to burn the fire.

Blow to burn. When it rains or the firewood is wet, you can split the thick wood and take the dry wood from the middle, and then use it as a match light after cutting it thinly (a chopper or other tools are required at this time).

Five, the camping problem

Find a safe, sheltered, dry, and level place to camp. At this time, pay attention to the surrounding environment, such as: whether there are falling rocks, what is the wind direction, whether there are animal nests, honeycombs, etc. Try not to camp on the riverside, unless it is determined that it is a dry season and the water level is not

Will change. The camp should not be close to the water, as there are more mosquitoes.

Six, wild creatures

When traveling, prepare medicines such as cooling oil, wind oil essence, safflower oil and so on. Leggings can effectively prevent locusts, snakes and other creatures from attacking the legs. Snake medicine can be prepared in places where venomous snakes are infested.

Seven, nutritional supplement

In a long-time field crossing, physical exertion is high, sweating is excessive, and the human body is prone to salt deficiency, electrolyte imbalance, and nutritional insufficiency. This will seriously affect physical strength and health, and sometimes even be very dangerous. Therefore, it must be supplemented in time.

  1. Keep warm

In many areas (such as deserts and mountainous areas), there is a large temperature difference between day and night, and some have a large increase in altitude and there will be a large temperature difference within a few hours (the temperature will drop when the altitude rises, -6 degrees / vertical 1000M). Keeping warm is necessary, especially after sweating a lot and before going to bed.

  1. Other related issues
  2. Climbing and descent Unless absolutely necessary, it is better to go around and take more roads than to try dangerous climbing and descent, especially when crossing alone and carrying a heavy load. If you have to climb, you should first remove your backpack, climb empty, and then use auxiliary ropes or straps to lift the equipment.
  3. Balance When passing through dangerous situations (such as single-plank bridges, wading, cliffs, etc.), you should remember to loosen the chest strap and waist belt of the backpack to ensure that it can be unloaded in time and lose the pawn and protect the car.
  4. Except for special areas (such as deserts) on night roads, do not take the risk of taking night roads easily. Many lost roads occur when visibility is very low, and night roads can easily cause slips. When you have to walk at night, it is best to have headlights. The flashlight will occupy one hand, which is not conducive to balance protection.
  5. When wading in the water, don’t wade through the water if you don’t know the depth and underwater conditions, you should try your best to find out. Those who carry beach shoes try not to wading barefoot, because they are easy to slip and puncture, and be careful of the rocks in the water. They are often very smooth and will stumble if you are not careful. In addition, the flow velocity of the water should be fully estimated before wading.
  6. All remaining visible garbage should be taken away. For long-distance crossings, at least those non-degradable garbage should be brought on until there is a unified garbage dump. Therefore, garbage bags must be brought.

How to equip yourself determines the success or failure of camping activities to a large extent. The following items are indispensable. Here we need to remind those who participated in the camping activity for the first time: not one

A good destination and exciting action plan can turn into a good camping life. It is necessary to imagine as much as possible the various situations that will be faced in the wild, so as to prepare the corresponding skills and equipment to ensure the safety of wild life.

Achieve the desired effect. Due to the complex and changeable weather in the wild, especially the mountainous areas, the harsh conditions of wind and rain are sudden. If you use camping tools with low price and poor wind and rain resistance, you will be exposed and embarrassed.

Worse, and even cause danger. Therefore, how to equip yourself before departure determines the success of camping to a large extent.

  1. Tent: It is better to choose a double-layer tent with stable structure, light weight, strong wind and rain resistance.
  2. Sleeping bag: Down or goose down sleeping bag is light and has good warmth retention effect, but the premise is that it must be kept dry. When the environmental conditions are relatively humid, artificial vacuum cotton sleeping bag may be a better choice.
  3. Backpack: The secret of the backpack’s weight is that it shares most of the weight on the hips. The structure of the backpack should conform to your body structure and have a strong and comfortable belt.
  4. Fire appliances: lighters, matches, candles, magnifying glasses. Among them, the candle can be used as a light source and an excellent combustion-supporting agent.
  5. Picnic utensils: kettles, multi-function picnic pots, sharp multi-function folding knives, tableware.
  6. Special tools: compass, map, rope, folding spade, flashlight, needle and thread, hook and line, machete, camera.
  7. Water and food: Meats, sugars, fats with high calories, don’t forget to bring salt.
  8. Life-saving box: antidote, antiseptic, cold medicine, diarrhea medicine, Yunnan Baiyao, analgesic, gauze, tape, bandage.

How to find a suitable campsite?

For the pleasure and peace of camping, even if you are very tired, you must choose a camp site carefully.

  1. Choose a place with good drainage and try to avoid places with traces of water flow or water accumulation.
  2. Choose a place that can be sheltered from the wind. This should be judged by looking at the growth mode and terrain of the surrounding plants. If you find that the branches and leaves of trees are leaning to one side, or the terrain forms a ridge-like place, there must be strong wind blowing.
  3. Try to choose a place that is flat, sunny, and close to water. Of course, we must also consider the factors of a good landscape.
  4. Riverside campgrounds and valley campgrounds are very dangerous when encountering river waterfalls or mountain torrents, so choose a place with a relatively high terrain.
  5. Try to avoid mountain cliffs or slopes where sand and soil erosion may occur, and avoid falling rocks or landslides.
  6. When encountering a thunderstorm on the mountain, you should not set up camps where the rocks protrude, and avoid isolated tall trees.
  7. The mountainside flat ground is easy to gather moisture, and the mouth of the mountain leading to the water source is often the only way for the beasts to drink water. Therefore, avoid these areas when choosing campsites.

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What should I pay attention to in group camping?

There are more people participating in group camping and outing activities, and it is necessary to strengthen organization and preparation work. Generally, the following points should be paid attention to:

(1) It is best to survey the route and location of the activity in advance.

(2) Do a good job in organizing activities, formulate activity disciplines, and determine the person in charge. Contact the parents or the school in time and inform the parents or teachers of the time, place, and requirements of the activity, so as to do a good job of safety together.

(3) When traveling, you should prepare eye-catching flags, electric horns, whistle, medicine cabinet and other items, wear a uniform sun hat, and bring your student ID with you. It is best for people participating in the event to dress uniformly, so that the goal is obvious, easy to find each other, and prevent falling behind.

(4) All participants in the event must strictly abide by the discipline of the event and obey the unified command. If it’s organized by a school, it’s best to divide it into groups based on grades and classes, and implement them at all levels. If necessary, the group should be divided into smaller groups. Lack of organization and disorder are one of the most important reasons for accidents.

(5) We must pay attention to traffic safety, implement the means of transportation required for outing activities, we must contact a reputable, safe and reliable bus, shipping and other transportation company, and choose a safe driving route. Follow the instructions of the person in charge. After boarding the vehicle and the ship, the number of people must be counted to prevent omissions.

(6) Before dispersing free activities, you must specify the assembly time and place, and recognize the vehicle number and ship number you are riding. It is stipulated that activities should be carried out in groups, not alone.

(7) How to deal with the situation of separation:

① Most people rest on the spot at the assembly point. Send out a number of shrewd and capable people. The two will work together to look for them. They must specify a return time before departure. If no one is found, they must return to the assembly point to report.

②Report the case to the local police station in time, or report the situation to the local government agency for assistance. At the same time, report to school leaders through communication tools and take emergency measures.

③Students who are lost, if they cannot walk back to the meeting point, they should look for the station and dock, and return by car and boat by themselves. When you arrive at the school or at home, you must first try to report the situation to the parents or the school so that you can notify the team leader in time to make them feel at ease. If it is getting late and students cannot find the station or dock for a while, they must look for a place to live, such as a village, work unit, office, etc. It is best to go to the police station, army, government agency and other units to report to them, inform the school name, parent unit, and ask the other party to help get in touch with your school or parent unit. When reporting, you should first show your student ID to the other party.

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Choice of camping location

When using a tent, choose an appropriate campsite. The general considerations are:
Do not camp too close to the mountain to prevent falling rocks and floods on rainy days
Don’t be too close to the river, lest the high tide washes the tent.
Don’t camp under big trees on rainy days to prevent lightning strikes.
Before setting up a camp, clean the gravel and sharp thorns on the ground to avoid puncturing the tent or sleeping uncomfortably.
Don’t camp on the slope. The tent door should face the wind. Let me teach you how to lay a tent.

Where to set up a tent?
“The choice of camping site is the most critical. This is the basis for ensuring the safety of camping.” The leader of Henan Outdoor Rescue Team Silent Years and senior travel friends Chunxia and Ziyue believe that when choosing a camping site, we must pay attention to choosing a campsite near the water and the village. , Keep away from cliffs, lightning and rain protection.
Camping and rest are inseparable from water. Near water is the first element in choosing a campsite. When choosing a campsite, you should choose a place close to streams and lakes to facilitate water fetching. However, camps should not be anchored on the river beach. Some rivers have power plants in the upper reaches of the river. During the impoundment period, the river beach is wide and the water flow is small. Once the water is released or there is heavy rain, floodplain may occur. Take precautions.
Choosing to be near the village is to ask the villagers for help in case of emergency. In addition, the approach to the village is actually a shortcut, that is, close to the road, which is convenient for the team to move out of the mountain at any time.
When camping in some valleys and river beaches, it is especially important to choose a place leeward. It is more convenient and safer to use fire when it is leeward. If you need to live for more than two days, it is best to choose a shaded place to camp, for example, under the big trees and to the north of the mountain, it is best to face the sun instead of the sunset. In this way, if you rest during the day, the tent will not be too stuffy.
When setting up a camp, the camp cannot be placed under a cliff. This is very dangerous. Once a strong wind blows on the mountain, stones and other objects may be blown off, causing casualties.
Lightning protection. In the rainy season or in areas with heavy thunderstorms, the camp must not be anchored on high ground, under high trees, or on relatively isolated flat ground. That would easily lead to lightning strikes.
If it is likely to rain on the night of the weather forecast, the camp and tent should be treated with necessary rain protection. In addition to choosing a good camp site, it is necessary to dig a flood discharge ditch, strengthen the tent and enhance the rainproof performance. For example, you can add a cover outside the tent to prevent rain. Rain plastic sheets, raincoats, and all kinds of travel supplies are placed in tents, etc.

Tent method
After the camp is selected, the camp must be built. The old donkeys suggest to pay attention to the following items:
Level the ground. Before setting up a tent, you should clean up the selected camp and remove stones, shrubs and other uneven, thorny, or sharp objects. The uneven areas can be filled with soil or grass. In order to facilitate accommodation, dining, and entertainment, the campsite should also be divided into zones, such as tent camping area, fire area, water intake area, dining area, entertainment area, sanitation area, etc.
When arranging the tent camping area, you should pay attention to: all tents should be facing one direction, that is, the tent doors should be opened in one direction and arranged side by side; the tents should be kept at least 1 meter apart, and try not to tie them when it is not necessary. The anti-wind rope of the tent is to prevent people from tripping; if necessary, lime, tar and other irritating substances can be used to draw a circle around the tent outside the tent area to set a cordon to avoid the invasion of insects, snakes and other reptiles.
When arranging several other districts, it should be noted that the water use area should be divided into upper and lower sections on the stream and the river, the upper section is the edible and drinking water area, and the lower section is the domestic water area.
The dining area should be close to the fire area for cooking and dining. This area must be at a certain distance from the tent area, so that the fire star is blown up by the wind to burn the tent. It is best to choose a place for cooking where there are ridges and stone ridges, so as to dig a stove to build a stove. The firewood picked up should be stacked outside the activity area or at the upwind vent.
The activity and entertainment area should be at the downwind vent of the dining area to prevent dust from contaminating tableware and other things, and should be 15-20 meters away from the tent area to reduce the impact on the companions who go to bed early. At the same time, pay attention to cleaning up the place. , Meet the things in order to avoid accidents.

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How to find clean water in outdoor camping

When outdoors, many people don’t pay attention to bringing their own drinking water, which is actually caused by the weight-bearing problem, because no amount of water belts are enough, and it happens because there are water sources everywhere in nature. So how to find a clean water source?
It is easy to find a clean water source in some mountains outdoors, but we also need to pay attention that most water sources, whether clean or not, are prone to bacteria.
Therefore, when looking for a water source, mountain spring water can generally be consumed directly, but you still need to take a certain risk. Therefore, it is safest to boil outdoor drinking water for five minutes before drinking it.
The water we found on some rock walls, as long as there are no contaminants on the rock walls, it can be consumed directly. This is the safest.
Of course, when you find some streams and some rivers, you still have to be careful. The closer you are to human civilization, the easier it is to be polluted.
If there are a lot of bubbles and bubbles on the surface of the river, the water has basically been contaminated. It is not recommended that you drink it or even use it, because there is a certain risk.
Generally speaking, the chances of finding clean water outdoors are great, but there are also many times when you find some dirty water that looks dirty, and you have to use it as a last resort, so you have to master some water purification measures. And skills too.
After we filter out some basic impurities, what we need to pay attention to is to boil the water for a certain period of time before drinking it. This is very important. So we must know safe drinking water.

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Precautions for outdoor camping

Guide leads the way

Forest parks usually have a large area, and there are often no obvious markers in the forest. Therefore, when you enter the forest, you must go together, and ask the guide to lead the way, and don’t go too deep into the forest. Pay attention to some natural landmarks on the roadside when crossing the forest, such as old trees, springs, rivers, and strange rocks. In case you get lost, don’t panic, you can follow these signs to slowly return to the past.

Campsite selection

The campsite should be located in a dry, flat place with a wide view, with access roads up and down, sheltered from wind and drainage, and convenient for water intake.

There are six taboos: not in the middle of the canyon, avoid mountain torrents; not near the water, avoid rising water; not under cliffs, avoid falling rocks; not in high convex places, avoid strong winds; not under independent trees, avoid Electric shock; do not in the grass or bushes, avoid snakes and insects.

Tent erection

The entrance of the tent should be leeward and away from the hillside with rolling stones; a drainage ditch should be dug directly below the edge of the roof (in the past, after the tent was set up, the ditch could be dug around. Now, we must stand in the position of protecting nature. Unless it is in a puddle, no trenches will be dug) to avoid flooding the tent when it rains;

The four corners of the tent should be held down with big rocks; air circulation should be maintained in the tent, and fire should be prevented when cooking in the tent; before going to bed, carefully check whether all flames have been extinguished and whether the tent is firmly fixed.

The tents should be set up in sequence: first set up a public tent. At the downwind of the camp, set up a cooking tent, build a stove, and boil a pot of water, and then build a warehouse tent for storing public equipment and their respective camping tents upwind. When the tents of the entire camp are set up, the boiling water has been boiled, and you can drink and start cooking immediately.

Toilet digging

Choose to be a little lower at the leeward of the camp and away from the river (at least 20 meters away). It is best to dig a rectangular pit with a width of about 30 cm, a length of about 50 cm, and a depth of about half a meter, and put some stones and cedar leaves in it (to eliminate odors). Wrap three sides with plastic sheeting or packing boxes, and fix them, and the opening side should be leeward. Prepare some sand, a shovel and a piece of cardboard. After going to the toilet, use some sand to bury the excrement and toilet paper, and use a board to cover the toilet to eliminate odor.

Set up a more obvious sign outside the toilet so that others can see if someone is using it from a distance. At the end of the camping, bury the pit with sand, mark it, and tell other people who participated in the field activities.

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People who are often outdoors will focus on survival skills outside their field of vision.

Learning and mastering these skills at any time will help make outdoor activities safer and allow themselves to integrate into nature more confidently. In this issue, I will share with you some small ways to ask for help in the wild.

  1. Do you know what the universal signal for help is?
    Take a few minutes before each outdoor activity and think about it: Are you ready to deal with unexpected emergencies and how to call for help? It is very important to know how to make an emergency call, such as 911, and also to know how to contact the local rescue team. Prepare distress ignition equipment, signal transmission equipment, distress whistle and other resources that can assist in self-distress. Participate in rescue courses, learn survival skills, and make various preparations.
  2. Consider Your Signaling Position
    When sending a signal for help, the rescuer must try to be in a position that is easy to be found, so that the rescuer can see the signal for help. If fireworks for help are lit in dense forests, rescuers will not be able to find them. It should be that small fireworks will be submerged by the forest. It is a good choice to choose an open area that can be seen from the air, along a stream, on the top of a hill, on the beach or by the lake.
  3. Signal Fires
    Fireworks can be used outdoors for different purposes, such as cooking and heating, and can also be used as an emergency signal. It is important to know the basic skills of lighting the distress fireworks in order to get rescue faster. Simply remember the number “3”. The firework signal for general rescue is three triangle bonfires; if there is not enough space to build a triangle, it can be three straight bonfires. Use a bright flame at night, and use some damp branches on the flame during the day to produce smoke. This will make it easier for rescuers in the air, water, and land to discover. At the same time, rescuers should try to be as close as possible to the source of rescue signals.
  4. Signal Mirror & Whistle
    You must bring basic rescue equipment for field activities, such as a small whistle and a small mirror, which are convenient to carry with you. The use of mirrors or other objects that can produce reflected light sources, such as metal blades, metal belt buckles, sunglasses, lenses, and watches, can effectively attract the attention of rescuers in the air and on the mountain.
    In order to be able to quickly and skillfully use these light-reflecting objects when calling for help in the field, you can usually do some practice. Understand how the reflected light is formed and the direction of reflection, so that the reflected sunlight is directed in the direction that needs to be seen. Use the other hand as the light control to form the internationally recognized “3 short-3 long-3 short” SOS distress signal. Don’t forget to follow the movement of the sun to adjust your position and angle. Take some time to practice bounced light for help, you can save lives in an emergency!
    Most of the rescue was on land, and rescuers searched for missing rescuers in the grass and forest on foot. At this time, you can use the distress whistle, the method is: blow 3 times and then stop and then blow 3 times, continue this cycle. If there are search and rescue personnel nearby, the location of the rescuer can be gradually determined. Remember to stop after a few cycles and listen for a response from search and rescue personnel.
  5. Hide and seek, with a ‘twist’
    Remember, call for help and search and rescue are like hiding games we play, but hiders want to be found as soon as possible. So be sure to bring the appropriate distress equipment, know how to use it, and how to respond to the search and rescuer’s signal.

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Ten rules for camping in the wild(6-10)

  1. Pay attention to maintaining hygiene .

There is no doubt that keeping the body clean is equally important. But you may want to know how to maintain hygiene in less than ideal conditions. Put a bottle of hand sanitizer in your pocket and wash your hands before eating, drinking, or wiping your face with your hands. Dip a cotton ball with rubbing alcohol and wipe the insensitive parts of the body. Take a bird bath, using a sponge, a basin of water, and biodegradable soap one or two baths a day. Brush your teeth with purified water and toothpaste or baking soda, then you can use dental floss. During camping, your feet will be very dirty, so when you encounter a river, take off your shoes and soak your feet in the water for a few minutes. Don’t use colognes, perfumes, and scented lotions, because they will attract bugs.

When packing your luggage, wrap sanitary utensils, such as towels, toothbrushes, and soap separately in aluminum foil, so as not to wet the rest of the backpack.

  1. Take extra precautions when camping with children or pets

Camping with kids or pets can take a lot of energy, but it can also be an enjoyable experience. As we have learned, the secret of a successful camping lies in advance planning. It determines whether the camping between you, your children and your furry friends will last to the end. Be sure to bring suitable clothes to protect your children. In summer and hot weather, you must have a sun hat, and if the temperature drops suddenly, you must have long-sleeved clothes for the children to wear. Then, like a fire drill, help your child learn how to prevent getting lost and what to do if he gets lost. Bring flashlights or glow sticks to each child, remind them of the camping rules several times a day, and remind them what to do to ensure safety. If you bring your dog on a camping trip, you can make a simple residence feel at home. But you need to consider whether you are ready and willing to control your pet when wild or domestic animals pass by. In addition, make sure that the pet is vaccinated and the permit is within the validity period. Of course, bring the dog’s leash so that he can be restrained at any time. Prepare a clean bowl for the dog to contain food and fresh and clean drinking water. In addition, it is necessary to properly clean up and dispose of the pet’s excretion.

  1. Don’t leave traces (wildlife photography tent )

Because you are camping in an open place, you must keep the next camping tip in mind: this will help protect and maintain the natural environment, so that we and future generations can share the beauty of nature. Leaving no trace means that the camp should be cleaned up before leaving so that the ecological environment is not disturbed. Clean up thoroughly after meals and keep food away from the ground.

Although this may seem like common sense, you may not be able to do the above without leaving a trace. If you plan and prepare in advance to travel in a small group, make sure that your range of activities is at least 60 meters away from rivers and lakes. Follow pre-established routes and camps to travel and camp. Bury solid waste 15 to 20 cm below the surface. To take a bath or wash dishes, you must leave rivers and lakes 60 meters away. The used water should be filtered, put the filtered material into a suitable waste container, and then splash the water around. Don’t destroy the ruins and natural landscapes you find. The camp area should be as small as possible, use the built fire, and cook with the stove. Keep away from wild animals and plants, and don’t feed animals casually.

  1. Wear suitable clothing

Even if you are not a fashionista, preparing a outfit for outdoor adventures is just as important as other skills. Wear loose and neat clothes. Of course, in colder months, you need to wear more clothes than warmer seasons-such as hats, gloves, jackets and thermal underwear. The secret is to take off several layers of clothing before you start to sweat so that you can keep your body dry. If sweat soaks the clothes, it will feel uncomfortable.

Then, choose shoes. You need to protect your feet when camping. Wear closed-toe shoes so that the lining can absorb more or less sweat. Hiking shoes are ideal. One way to prevent blisters during hiking is to put a layer of soap under the ankles and toes before setting off. Carry soap with you. If your feet are about to fray, you can put soap on those areas that might be problematic.

Be sure to bring a rain poncho in case it rains; the last thing you want to happen is to get soaked clothes. Wearing wet clothes can cause hypothermia.

  1. Avoid bugs, bears and poisonous plants

This technique is about bugs, bears and poisonous plants. When you are setting up a tent or other residence, pay attention to the presence of wasp nests, other insects and bugs. If you often go to plants, it is best to wear a long-sleeved shirt and long pants. Spraying insect repellent can also protect against insects. Always check for lice bites.

You probably know that you should avoid poison ivy and know how to distinguish its three-leaf clusters. Be careful with poison ivy and poison sumac-more than those without three leaves. When you are near plants, shrubs and woods, wrap your clothes from head to toe to reduce the chance of rashes. It is best to bring calamine lotion and antihistamines or anti-allergic drugs with you to prevent encountering some irritating things.

Related: portable travel tunnel