The essential items for summer camping are as follows:
Before camping, you must first make a list of equipment and prepare the essential items. The list should include: low-ventilation double-layer tents, moisture-proof pads, sleeping bags, mosquito coils, sulfur, lighting equipment, etc.
Generally speaking, low-permeable double-layer tents are the first choice, because the problem of “high moisture and heavy dew” at night will occur regardless of the sea or the mountains. If the tent is equipped with a waterproof mat, the waterproof performance will be better, which can improve the moisture from the ground. Moisture-proof mats are easily overlooked by novice campers, thinking that the waterproof function of the tent is enough. In fact, moisture-proof mats can allow campers to lie down and rest at night. It is recommended to choose physical foaming products to avoid peculiar smell. If conditions permit, you can choose to use an automatically inflated inflatable cushion as a moisture-proof cushion, which is more soft and comfortable. Another item that is easy to overlook is the sleeping bag. Because generally speaking, summer tents will be warmer, unless it is in the high-cold area, there are not many opportunities to actually get into the sleeping bag. However, the temperature difference between day and night in the wild is large after all, so it is best to prepare an envelope sleeping bag and unfold it as a quilt.
Night lights are very important for camping. Lighting equipment can be battery lights or gas lights. If it is a battery light, be sure to prepare enough spare batteries. Sulfur and pesticides are used to spray around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming themselves.
In addition, it is advisable to wear long clothes and trousers that are more close-fitting to avoid mosquito bites and tree branches. Shoes should choose non-slip outdoor sports shoes. Before departure, prepare enough clean water, dry food and common medicines, such as mosquito repellent, antidiarrheal medicine, and trauma medicine.
If outdoor camping is accompanied by certain adventure activities, you should also bring two kinds of knives. One of them is a multifunctional knife that can be folded. It has more than ten functions such as main knife, bottle opener, tweezers, hunter sickle, saw, etc., which is convenient and practical. The broad knife should be a knife that is suitable for cutting wood and can also be used for hunting animals, skinning, or a large and heavy meniscus in moments of danger.
The precautions for summer camping are as follows:
- Wind, rain and electric shock
People who have lived in cities for a long time often panic when they encounter lightning and thunder when they are camping. In fact, they don’t need to be nervous. As long as they don’t camp on the highest mountain or bare places, the danger is much reduced. Avoid standing under tall trees during lightning. Metal objects in your hands are best thrown away. If you can’t escape, lying down on the spot can also minimize the danger.
- Flash flood
Pay attention to the direction of the flood when setting up a camp. The beach alluvial land is a good place to camp, but when the flood comes, you should take action and change the camp, otherwise you may be washed away by the flood.
- Rising water and fire candles
If someone is unfortunate enough to drown, the first thing to do is to remove the foreign body from the mouth, perform “heart massage” and “artificial respiration”, and seek medical personnel as soon as possible, try not to press on the injured person’s abdomen, and try not to squeeze out things from the abdomen. , It is likely to block his throat. When saving drowning, use bamboo poles, floats (wood, planks, lifebuoy) or clothes. In addition, in terms of fire prevention, in addition to doing a good job of extinguishing fires, do not light candles in the tent, and do not throw cigarette butts on the dry wood. It is best to use flashlights or camp lights for lighting in the tent.
- Insect bite
The most important thing to prevent swarm attacks is to stay away from the honeycomb. If you are accidentally stung by a venomous bee, you should wash it with alkaline soap as soon as possible, and then apply water or ice to the affected area. The way to prevent the bites of locusts (also known as blood-sucking insects) is to apply alkaline substances such as alcohol, gasoline, kerosene, soap, salt, etc. to the skin and clothes to prevent the intrusion of locusts. If you still don’t get bitten, don’t scratch it with your hands, because this scratch may break its head, but stay in the skin, causing infectious diseases. It is best to pat the skin with your hands, or apply salt, sugar, lime on the body, or smoke it with cigarettes, matches, etc. It will fall off naturally. After the locust falls off, it is best to squeeze the wound immediately and let it bleed, the amount of which is equal to the amount of blood sucked by the locust.
- Viper bite
People who are bitten by a poisonous snake don’t know in advance where the poisonous snake is going to bite. If it bites near an artery, it will be life-threatening and should be sent to a doctor as soon as possible. However, once you are bitten by a poisonous snake, you should quickly grasp the time and press hard on the muscles near the wound to squeeze out the poisonous blood from the wound before passing it through the upper end of the wound. Because it is convenient to pay the account at night, it is convenient to wear the shoes because the flashlight is irradiated outside the tent door, and then the shoes are turned down. As for the lime, there is no need to bring any more, and the snake is really coming. Unstoppable.
- After choosing a campsite, spray sulfur (anti-snake) or insecticide around the campsite to prevent harmful insects from entering the campsite and harming yourself.
- The entrance and exit of the tent must be closed when the tent is set up. Normally develop a good habit, close the zippers of the tent opening when collecting revenue; you must close the tent opening in time when entering and leaving the tent, so as to prevent mosquitoes and other small animals from flying into the tent to harass and affect Rest and sleep at night. In many cases, when setting up camp, some team members not only did not close the tent door, but opened the tent door to chat, so that they were often harassed by small animals in the middle of the night to take pictures, affecting their rest and sleep with other team members.
- When lighting mosquito coils, pay attention to setting fire. It is best to use iron boxes to put the mosquito coils inside, and use vents to emit mosquito smoke. Do not leave the fire outside.
- When entering and leaving the tent at night, a certain sound must be made in advance to alert the harmful substances around the tent to prevent surprise attacks.
- When entering and leaving the tent at night, you must first check with lights to prevent danger
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